It's amazing to think what kart engines are capable of. Karts that vary in speed from 50mph to 160mph are powered by these small motors.
There are many variations of motors being run, all tuned in many different ways, but there are some constants you will see out there, and I can fill you in on those.
Each link (when I get to them!) will have more technical information on that engine. Probably more than you want!
A big brand of 4 cycle engines is the Briggs and Stratton company. They build small engines for various things, but they also have a racing division.
The Briggs Animal is one of their newer engines for kart racing. It's an overhead valve engine stock at 6.5 horsepower.
Their older engine is the Briggs Raptor. This Raptor III is 5 horsepower stock and a flathead engine. This is the best selling race engine of all time.
The Comer Engine is a small engine for kids ages 4-7 or 8-12 with the larger Comer. They are 50cc and 80cc in size.
As you can see there are lots of engines around for karts. It's a wide world of kart racing, and new engines are being designed all the time. We can only try to keep up with the speed!